Cotton Market Weekly
Dr. O.A. Cleveland
Cotton Marketing Analyst, Professor Emeritus
Mississippi State University
April 3, 2020
Cotton—The Sustainable Fiber
Beijing gave the world a 30% drop in cotton prices with its coronavirus. Ditto the Dow Jones. Yet, this week seemed to offer a bit of market cooling as some price stability returned. There were still triple digit trading days and prices did briefly dip back into the high 40’s, but the week ended with two consecutive days of higher prices. The weekly U.S. export sales report was supportive as were higher Chinese cotton prices, as well as the phycological sense that both cotton and the Dow Jones had possibly worked through a market bottom. Cotton has outlived three market attempts to keep prices in the 40’s. Each attempt was short lived and mini rallies moved prices back to the 52-53 cent area. U.S. export sales remain very active and, thus; supportive of prices. Look for the market to hold the 50-cent line throughout April. Unfortunately, for now, it is difficult to expect any price movement beyond 55 cents.
The fact that Chinese prices were higher at the end of the week gave the market enough momentum to hold its slight increase going into the weekend. This coupled with the unexpected very positive weekly US export sales report also added strength to Friday’s higher price action. Weekly net sales of 259,100 bales included 147,500 bales of Upland, 200 bales of Pima and 111,400 bales of Upland for the 2020-21 marketing year. Exports were exceptionally strong given the Chinese coronavirus dilemma. Exports totaled 424,600 bales, well in excess of the average weekly requirement needed to reach the USDA annual 2019-20 export estimate of 16.5 million bales. Additionally, China remains in the market for new crop exports. Too, current weekly shipments to China remain strong in spite of the tariff. Some 8.63 million bales have been shipped during the marketing year and the busy part of the export season is just now at hand. This places the export shipping rate some 21 percent ahead of the prior year’s export pace. Further supporting a bit of a price rally is that some 12 percent of the exports this season have been to China compared to just 10 percent at the same time a year ago. To view the weekly export sales report go to: apps.fas.usda.gov/export-sales/cottfax.htm .
The weekly on-call sales report indicated that mills were very aggressive this week in fixing the price of cotton they had purchased. This suggests that mills are finally believing that market prices have reached, or nearly reached, the low point for the season. Thus, this was yet another signal that the price low may finally be in. (Nevertheless, some of you elephants may recall I expected a price low some ten cents ago.)
USDA will release its April supply demand report next week and indications are that all estimates of the US situation will remain unchanged compared to the March estimates. However, world consumption could be lowered another 1.0 million bales and world carryover will be increased to some 84.3 million bales, or some 5.0 million bales more that had been expected some five months ago. Demand is building in this market, but it awaits mills being able to return to full operation.
Best sign of the “Free roll of toilet tissue with purchase of a case of Corona Beer.” …Only in New York…
Net week’s edition may fall victim to Sheltering in Place.
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